8th century A Slavic settlement is established on
the grounds of what is now the Castle Hill (Wzgórze
9th century The settlement is enclosed with a wooden
and earth embankment.
century Development of the craft and trade borough
between the Castle Hill and the Oder River.
1005 For a short period Pomerania belongs to Poland.
Prince Boleslaw the Wry-Mouthed conquers Pomerania.
Prince Warcisław pays homage to the Polish ruler.
Beginnings of christianisation in Szczecin and Pomerania,
led by Otto, the Bishop of Bamberg on the initiative
of Boleslaw the Wry-Mouthed.
Dependance of Szczecin and Pomerania on Denmark.
Consecration of St. Jacob's Church founded by Merchant
Beringer and serving the German settlers.
Prince Barnim I extends German commune legislation
all over the city.
Barnim I founds Szczecin on the basis of the Magdeburg
Szczecin joins Hanse.
Prince Otto I grants a crest to Szczecin - a griffin's
head. The city obtains a small city seal with a
red griffin's head against a blue background.
Barnim III starts the construction of a brick residence
on Castle Hill.
1450 Construction of the gothic Town Hall.
Szczecin becomes the capital of the Pomeranian Duchy,
unified by Bogusław X.
Wedding of Prince Bogusław X with Anna, the daughter
of Kazimierz Jagiellończyk.
Treaty in Grzmiąca concerning the succession of
the Hohenzollerns of Brandenburg in Pomerania.
Introduction of Lutheranism in Pomerania.
Establishment of the Szczecin Pedagogic Institute.
Szczecin Congress ends the Seven Years' War.
Beginning of the construction of the magnificent
Renaissance residence of the Pomeranian Princes.
Publication of the city's historical description,
titled Historische Beschreibung der Stadt Alten
Stettin in Pommern, written by Paul Friedeborn,
a graduate of the Szczecin Pedagogic Institute.
Publication of the Pomeranian Duchy map created
by Eilhard Lubinus one of the finest works of cartography.
As a result of the Thirty Years' War Szczecin is
taken over by the Swedes.
Death of the last prince of the Gryfici family,
Johannes Micraelius, a graduate of Szczecin Pedagogic
Institute, publishes the history of Pomerania (Sechs
Bücher vom alten Pommerlande).
The Westphalia Treaty confirms the partition of
Pomerania between Brandenburg and Sweden as well
as Sweden's ownership of Szczecin.
Decline of the Szczecin Pedagogic Institute and
establishment of the Carolinian Gymnasium (Regium
Gymnasium Carolinum) in its place.
Brandenburg Elector Frederick William rules Szczecin.
The Prussian army enters Szczecin as a result of
the War of the North; Prussia practically takes
over the city.
Prussia formally obtains Szczecin as a result of
the Stockholm Treaty.
Establishment of the French Huguenot Colony in Szczecin.
Extension of the Szczecin Stronghold with forts
Prussia, William and Leopold.
The Port of Szczecin is connected to the Baltic
Sea through the Świna River and Świnoujście.
Szczecin is occupied by the French army.
Elections for the Szczecin City Council according
to the rules of new Prussian municipal electoral
law from 1808.
Reform of the merchants' organisation. Establishment
of the Merchants' Corporation in place of the Guild.
Inauguration of the Szczecin Stock Exchange.
Opening ceremony of the Szczecin-Berlin railway
line in the presence of the Prussian King Frederick
1845 Construction of the so-called New Town around
what is now May 3rd Avenue.
Opening of the Municipal Gas-Works.
Establishment of the City Theatre.
Establishment of the Früchtenicht & Brock Shipyard
in the Drzetowo district, which was transformed
in 1857 into Vulcan Plc.
Start-up of the municipal water supply system.
Liquidation of the stronghold.
Establishment of the horse tram line.
Opening of the first electric power station.
Beginning of the construction of a free port (the
western wet dock was opened in 1898, the eastern
one in 1910).
Establishment of the electric tram public transport
Expansion of the city and inclusion of Drzetowo,
Grabowo, and Niemierzyn.
Creation of the impressive building complex on Haken's
Terraces (now Wały Chrobrego).
Further expansion of the city borders by inclusion
of Niebuszewo, Krzekowo, Pogodno, and Świerczewo,
as well as areas neighbouring Arkońska Street.
Establishment of the Szczecin and Prussian Port
Beginning of the economic crisis in the city, evidenced
for example by the liquidation of the three shipyards
Vulcan, Ostseewerft and Nüscke & Co.
Substantial expansion of the city borders and creation
of Great Szczecin.
First allied air raids on Szczecin. 1943 Escalation
of the air raids.
April 26th The Soviet army enters Szczecin. Appointment
of a Soviet War Commander for the City of Szczecin.
April 30th The Polish administration takes over
the city, led by Piotr Zaremba.
May 5th Establishment of the German Municipal Government
(firstly for the Niebuszewo district, later for
the whole city) with Erich Spiegel, and later the
communist Erich Wiesner as leaders. Return of the
German population - at the end of May there were
24,500 Germans in the city, while at the beginning
of July there were already 84,000 of them.
May 17th-19th As a result of the Provisional Government
resolution, the Polish authorities leave the city
because of the unresolved issue of the country's
June 9th Return of the Polish Municipal Government
June 19th The Polish administration leaves the city
again as a result of diplomatic intervention on
the part of western countries.
July 5th The Poles ultimately take Szczecin over.
The Polish army enters the city.
July 12th Start-up of the water supply system.
mid-August Opening of the first tram line.
February Displacement of the German population according
to the resolutions of the Potsdam Conference.
October Inauguration of the academic year in the
Academy of Commerce.
December Establishment of the Engineering College.
September 17th Polish authorities take over part
of the port from the Soviet administration.
Establishment of the Medical Academy, later known
as the Pomeranian Medical Academy.
Establishment of the Polish Steamship Co.
December Launching of S/S Czułym, the first ship
built after WW II.
Establishment of the Higher School of Agriculture,
in 1972 it was renamed the Agricultural Academy.
January 11th The entire port is taken out of Soviet
army control. Establishment of Szczecin Technical
Establishment of PPDiUR Gryf.
The General Secretary of the Soviet Union Communist
Party Nikita Khruschchev visits Szczecin. 1961 Establishment
of the Pomorzany electric power station.
Inauguration of the first academic year of the Higher
Teacher Education School and the Maritime Academy.
December 17th The beginning of strikes in Szczecin
industrial plants; street riots resulting from the
announcement of food price rises.
January 22th-25th Repeated strikes in Szczecin's
factories, ending with a meeting with Edward Gierek,
the 1st secretary of the Central Committee of the
Polish United Worker's Party.
Szczecin becomes a seat of bishopric.
August 18th-30th General strike which results in
the establishment of the Solidarity Trade Union.
Inauguration of the first academic year of Szczecin
Pope John Paul II visits Szczecin.
May 27th First free local elections to the City
Council since WW II.
The Szczecin Bishopric becomes an archbishopric.
Celebration of the 750th anniversary of the bestowal
of the city charter based on Magdeburg Law.
Celebration of the 50th anniversary of Szczecin's
return to Poland; creation of the Pomerania Euro-region.
Establishment of the Western Pomerania Province.